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There is usually one sysop (System Operator) per BBS - the owner and operator of the hardware which Synchronet is running on and accepting remote users. Quite often systems require more than one sysop and Synchronet is flexible in this respect. Within Synchronet, a sysop is defined as any user with a main level of 90 or above. Any user that qualifies as a sysop, is prompted with an "SY:" to enter the system password at logon. Any time a sysop attempts to perform a sysop function that may breach the system security, he is prompted with an "SY:" to enter the system password before he can proceed. Users with sysop access can cause serious damage to the system. Give out this ability with caution.
As stated above, any user with a security level of 90 or greater can perform sysop functions, "So why have levels 91-99?" you might ask yourself. Well, you can still restrict a user with sysop access from accessing Message Groups or Sub-boards or File Libraries or Directories by setting the minimum required level above that user's level. For example: If you have a remote sysop with a security level of 90, you can still have a Message Group or Sub-board with a minimum required level of 91. Now this remote sysop will not be able to access that Group or Sub-board. While it is true that sysops can edit their own and subordinate user's accounts, they can not edit a sysop of higher level's account (when calling remotely). A remote sysop can't raise any user's level above his own, or add flags or exemptions that he himself doesn't have.
Most sysop functions will be performed locally, while some sysop functions can only be performed locally. The following special key combination are only available while online locally (not from the Waiting for Call screen). Macros: All the function keys (F1-F12) and combinations with Shift, Ctrl, and Alt (48 macros total) are available for the sysop. A macro is a short way to enter many keystrokes. Each macro is stored in a separate file in the TEXT directory with a MAC extension. The name reflects which key combination will initiate the macro. For regular F1 through F12, the name is F1.MAC through F12.MAC respectively. For Alt-F1 through Alt-F12 the name is ALT-F1.MAC through ALT-F12, Ctrl-F1 through Ctrl-F12 are named CTRL-F1.MAC through CTRL-F12, and Shift-F1 through Shift-F12 are named SHFT-F1.MAC through SHFT-F12. Each file is a basic ASCII text file with one exception; an extended key combination (such as Alt-D) can be entered by placing a Ctrl-@ (ASCII 0, NULL) in the file followed by the scan code of the key you wish to use. Alt-key combinations: Alt-U (User Edit) At any place within Synchronet, pressing Alt-U at the local keyboard will pop the local console into User Edit while the remote side (if there is a remote user) will see [WAIT]. Alt-U is available while using the terminal mode as well. See User Edit for more information. See UEDIT command below. Alt-# (Quick Validation) Pressing Alt and then any of the numbers 0-9 will change the current users level/flags/exemptions/restrictions/credits and extend their expiration date to the settings for that quick-validation slot set in the system configuration. SCFG->System->Toggle Options->Quick Validation Hot Keys must be set to 'Yes' for this feature to work. Alt-S (Crazy Cursor Toggle) Pressing Alt-S will toggle the state of the crazy (spinning) cursor, but doesn't change the current user's default settings regarding it. Alt-E (Local I/O Only) If a user is on remotely, this allows the local console to use the BBS while the remote user just sees [WAIT]. Pressing Alt-E again re-enables the remote console. Alt-L (Capture) This starts and stops the local capture of text to a file. If capture is active the status line will reflect this state with a blinking 'C' as the far left character. The file the BBS opens to capture to will be appended if the file already exists. The filename to capture to is prompted for when capture is started. The filename defaults to CAPTURE.TXT in the current node's directory. To direct output to the printer, change the filename to PRN. See ANSCAP command below. Alt-Q (Quiet Remote User) If a user is connected remotely, hitting this key will disable him from being able to enter any keystrokes into the BBS . The user will see all the BBSs output, but any characters sent from his side will not be accepted as input. Hitting Alt-Q again enables remote input again. Alt-P (Sysop Page Off) If someone is currently paging the local sysop (annoying sounds at the local console), hitting Alt-P will turn them off. Scroll-lock toggles local sysop availability. Alt-H (Disconnect) Hangs up on the current user immediately. Alt-I (Interrupt) Hangs up on the current user after displaying a message the node has been closed for maintenance. See INTR command below. Alt-A (Sysop Alert) When the current user logs off the BBS, the local sysop will be alerted by a message and a continuous alarm. Alt-R (Rerun Node) When the current user logs off the BBS, this node will automatically rerun itself. See RERUN command below. Alt-X (Down Node After User Logs Off) Hitting this key combination while the user is in the BBS will toggle the down status of this node. When a node is to be downed, it will be automatically shutdown when the current user logs off. See DOWN command below. Alt-- (Subtracts 5 Minutes) Subtracts 5 minutes from the users time allowed online this logon. Alt-+ (Add 5 Minutes) Add 5 minutes to the user's time allowed online this logon. Alt-N (Lock Node) Pressing this key will disallow any non-sysops or users without the 'N' exemption from logging on after the current user logs off. See LOCK command below. Alt-T (Temp Sysop) Gives the current user sysop status temporarily for this logon. Hitting Alt-T again removes the temp sysop status. This doesn't actually raise the security level of the user to 90, but gives him access to all sysop functions. The status line reflects Temp Sysop state with a blinking asterisk to the far left of the status line. Alt-G (Guru Chat) Pops the user in and out of apparent local chat with the system's guru. Alt-C (Local Chat) Pops the user into chat with the local console. Alt-D (DOS Shell) Pops the local console into DOS. If a user is on remotely, he sees [WAIT] till the local console exits the shell. The sysop can use the 'D' command to shell to DOS from the wait for call screen. See DOS command below. Alt-Z (Local Key Menu) Displays the local key menu. Status Line: The status line displays one line of user information at any given time. To change the current line, use CTRL and the UP and DOWN arrow keys to scroll through different information lines, or CTRL-HOME to go to the default (1st) or CTRL-END to go to the last. The available status lines are: 0: UserName SecLevel Password ModemType Birthday Age Sex Phone 1: UserName SecLevel RealName/CompanyName "Alt-Z for help" 2: UserName SecLevel RealName/CompanyName Age Sex Phone 3: UserName SecLevel Location Phone 4: UserName SecLevel Note/Caller-ID Phone 5: UserName SecLevel Flags1 Age Sex Phone 6: UserName SecLevel Flags1 Expiration 7: UserName SecLevel DateFirstOn DateLastOn Expiration 8: UserName SecLevel Credits Minutes Expiration 9: SecLevel Flags1 Flags2 10: Exemptions Restrictions 11: ComputerType ModemType ChatHandle 12: Address Location ZipCode 13: UploadBytes UploadFiles DownloadBytes DownloadFiles LeechCount 14: Posts EmailSent FeedbackSent EmailWaiting TotalLogons TotalTimeOn 15: NetMailForwardingAddress 16: SysopComment You can set the default status line number in SCFG->System->Advanced options. This will be the default status line that appears until manually scrolled. There are status flags on the status line that indicate specific status items. They appear blinking on the left or right edges of the status line. They are defined as: C Local text/ANSI capture is on * Temporary sysop status A Alert sysop when user logs off R Rerun this node when user logs off D Down this node when user logs off E Run node daily event when user logs off L This node is locked for sysop logons only
Most of the additional commands available to sysops online (local or remote) are initiated from the main or transfer sections. A menu of the available commands can be viewed with the '!' command from the main or transfer sections with the Synchronet Classic command shell. Additional sysop commands are available in many other sections of the BBS and are displayed after the normal menu with the '?' command. All sysop commands from the main or transfer sections of the Synchronet Classic command shell begin with a semicolon (';') character, end with CR (ENTER), and some have optional parameters (shown in square brackets). Users with certain exemptions can use some of these commands and have access to the menus via the '!' command using the Synchronet Classic command shell. UEDIT [x] (User Edit) This command initiates the User Edit function. If 'x' is specified and is a valid user number, that user will be the current user when User Edit starts, otherwise the user online will be the current user. This command is also available from the transfer menu. Locally, Alt-U is the preferred method of initiating User Edit. See the chapter on User Edit for more information.
SPY [n] (Spy on Another User) (v3.00c+ Only) This command allows the sysop to remotely monitor or control another node running in the same instance as the node the sysop is logged into.
CHUSER (Change into Another User) This command allows the sysop to temporarily change to another user account. If changing to an account with a higher level, the password of that user must be given. Changing to an account of non-sysop status automatically enables Temp Sysop mode so that the sysop can change back to his/her own account before logging off (a suggested action). ANSCAP (Toggle ANSI Capture Mode) (v2 Only) Normal ANSI escape sequences are not written to the capture file. The sysop can use this command to enable all characters (including ANSI escape sequences) to be written. LOCK [x] (Lock Node) The sysop can use this command to prevent users logging onto a node until the lock is removed. If 'x' is specified, that node's lock status will be toggled, otherwise a list of all nodes is given and the sysop is prompted for the node to lock or unlock. Sysops and users with the 'L' exemption can use this command and log onto locked nodes. A locked node will have an 'L' in parenthesis after the node information in the node listings. INTR [x] (Interrupt Node) This command allows a sysop (or user with the 'I' exemption) to hang up on a user on another node. If the user is currently executing an external program (editors and transfer protocols included), he will not be disconnected until control returns to Synchronet. A message will be displayed telling the user that the node has been temporarily closed for maintenance before carrier is dropped. If 'x' is specified that node's interrupt status will be toggled, otherwise a list of all nodes is displayed and the sysop is prompted for the node who's interrupt state he wishes to toggle. The current interrupt status of a node is reflected by an 'I' in square brackets following the node information line in the node listings. DOWN [x] (Down Node) A sysop can toggle the down status of a node with this command. When a node has the down status (noted by the [D] flag on the node status line) it will be shutdown immediately after the user logs off. If a user is not online, it will shutdown immediately. ANON (Anonymous) This command makes the current node anonymous. Sysops and users with the 'Q' exemption have access to this command. To a sysop, an anonymous node appears normal with the addition of an 'A' in square brackets following the node information line. QUIET (Quiet Mode) Using this command, a sysop (or user with the 'Q' exemption) can make his node appear to be "Waiting for call" to other users of the system. Users with this ability can also make this state their default state upon logon in the user defaults section. Local users can logon in this state with the WFC command SPACE, then 'Z' or user number 1 can logon fast and quiet with the WFC command SPACE, then 'Q'. To a sysop, a node in this state appears normal with the addition of a 'Q' in square brackets following the node information line. RERUN [x] (Rerun Node) This command allows a sysop to rerun any node on the system by specifying the node number on the command line. If there is a user on the node that is to be rerun, the node will not rerun until that user logs off. A node that is going to be rerun is noted with an 'R' in square brackets following the node information in node listings. DOS (Shell to DOS) Using this command, a sysop can go straight to the DOS command line locally or remotely. If the sysop is on locally, ALT-D is the preferred method of shelling to DOS. If a local sysop wishes to shell to DOS from the wait for call screen, he can use the 'D' command. EDIT [s] (Edit Text/MSG File) A sysop can edit any ASCII text (and MSG format) files on the system with this command. If 's' is given, it will be used as the filename to be opened or created if it doesn't exist. If 's' is not specified, the filename will be prompted for. LOG (Today's Detail Log) A sysop can view today's detailed log file with this command. This command views the same file as the 'L' wait for call screen command. YLOG (Yesterday's Detail Log) A sysop can view yesterday's detailed log file with this command. This command views the same file as the 'Y' wait for call screen command. NS [x] (Node Statistics) This command will give today's statistics for node 'x' if specified, or the current node. SS (System Statistics) This command will give today's statistics for all nodes combined. NLOG [x] (Node Statistics Log) A sysop can view the history of statistics information for any node on the system. If 'x' is specified, that will be the node who's statistics are viewed, otherwise the current node. Same as 'N' from the wait for call screen. SLOG (System Statistics Log) Using this command, a sysop can view the history of statistics information for the system. Same as 'S' from the wait for call screen. MEM (Available Memory) (v2 for DOS Only) This command displays the amount of memory available to Synchronet and any external programs it executes (without swapping). LIST [s] (View Text/MSG File) A sysop can use this command to view any ASCII text (or MSG format) file on the system. If the filename 's' is not specified, it is prompted for. GURU (View Guru Log) A sysop can use this command to view the GURU.LOG file which contains discussions that users have had with the system guru (GURU.DAT). See GURU.DAT for more information. MAIL (Read All Mail) Using this command (or 'M' from the WFC screen) a sysop can read all the e-mail on the system. BULKMAIL (Send Mass Mailing) Use this command to send a single e-mail message to multiple users. CALL [Hub-ID] (Force QWKnet Call-out) Forces a QWKnet call-out to the hub "Hub-ID" the next time the call-out node is at the WFC screen. Example: CALL VERT EXEC [Command] (Execute a DOS program or Baja module) Execute internal DOS commands (DIR, TYPE, etc.) by prepending "command /c" to your command line. Execute Baja modules by prepending "*" to the command line. Baja modules must be located in your EXEC directory. Command line specifiers (see appendix A) may be used. CHAT Users with the 'C' exemption can use this command to page the sysop. OLD (Search for Files not Downloaded Since New-Scan Date) A sysop can use this command to remove, edit, or move files that were uploaded before the new-scan date (set with the '&P' transfer section command) and have not been downloaded since. OLDUL (Search for Files Uploaded Before New-Scan Date) A sysop can use this command to remove, edit, or move files that were uploaded before the new-scan date (set with the '&P' transfer section command). CLOSE (Search for Files Currently Open) If there are no users online and all nodes are running, there should be no file records open. A sysop can check for open file records with this command. Any file records that are left open erroneously, can be closed with this command. This circumstance should not happen. ALTUL [x] (Alternate File Path Uploads) If there are alternate file paths configured, a sysop can use this command to set the current upload path to one of the alternate file paths. All subsequent upload commands will use the alternate upload path as the storage directory regardless of the storage path specified for the directory being uploaded to. This is a useful command for those who wish to have one directory with files listed from multiple CD-ROMs. See CD-ROM for more information on creating alternate file paths. UPLOAD (Bulk Local Upload) This command searches for files that are on disk, but not in the database of the directory. If any are found, a description is prompted for and the file is then added to the database. RESORT (Re-Sort and/or Compress) A sysop can use this command to re-sort a directory if he has changed the sort order in the directory configuration or can use this command to remove deleted file records from the database to conserve memory and disk space. If there are many deleted files in the database of a directory, performance will also be affected. Deleted file records are used by new uploaded files, but if a substantial amount of files have been removed from a directory, a sysop may wish to use this command. OFFLINE (Search for Offline Files) This command will search the disk for files that are in the database of a directory but not actually on the disk. The sysop can then remove, edit, or move these files to another directory. Offline directories are ignored in this search. DIR [s] (Directory of Files) This command displays a DOS directory of the path specified. If no path is specified, a directory of the current file transfer directory is displayed. GET [s] (Download File From Anywhere) A sysop can download a file from any drive or directory on the system by using this command. The file does not have to be in the file database. PUT [s] (Upload File to Anywhere) A sysop can use this command to upload a file to a local disk without having to add it to the file database.
Note: The Baja source code file for these commands is: exec/str_cmds.src
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Copyright © 2000 by Rob Swindell
Synchronet BBS Software (Synchronet) Version 3 is comprised of several documentation,
library, executable, and source code files, all of which are covered by the
GNU General Public License with the exception of the following portions covered by
the GNU Lesser General Public License: SMBLIB and XSDK.
Synchronet Version 2 (for DOS and OS/2) and its source code was released to the
Public Domain by Digital Dynamics in 1997 and remains Public Domain software today.
Synchronet Version 3 is not Public Domain software.
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